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Society, Culture, and Reform

Society, Culture, and Reform - Society Culture and Reform...

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Society, Culture, and Reform, 1820-1860 Antebellum period - The A diverse mix of reformers dedicated themselves to such causes as establishing free public schools, improving the treatment of the mentally ill, controlling or abolishing the sale of liquors and beers, winning equal legal and political rights for women, and abolishing slavery Religion: The Second Great Awakening - Revivals were partly a reaction against the rationalism that had been the fashion during the Enlightenment and the American Revolution o Calvinist teachings had been rejected by believers in more liberal and forgiving doctrines o Calvinism began a counterattack against these liberal views in the 1790s o The Second Great Awakening began among educated people o Revivals were easily understood by uneducated; they offered the opportunity for salvation to all - Revivalism in New York o Charles Finney starts a series of revivals in upstate New York o Finney appeals to peoples’ emotions and fear of damnation and persuaded thousands of publicly declare their revived faith o Preached that all were free to be saved through faith and hard work; ideas that appealed to the middle class o Western New York became known as the “burned-over district” for its frequent “hell-and-brimstone” revivals - Baptists and Methodists o Preachers would travel from one location to another and attract thousands to hear their dramatic preaching at outdoor revival, or camp meeting o By 1850, the Baptists and Methodists had become the largest Protestant denominations in the country - Millennialism o Widespread belief that the world was about to end with the second coming of Christ o William Miller predicted when the second coming would occur o Millerites would continue as a new religion, the Seventh-day Adventists - Mormons o AKA Church of the Latter-Day Saints
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