The French Revolution

The French Revolution - The French Revolution I The Old...

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The French Revolution I. The Old Regime A. First Estate- Roman Catholic clergy; no taxes 1% B. Second Estate- Nobles and Army; little taxes 2% C. Third Estate- Bourgeoisie/ Laborers- Artisans/ Peasants; taxes and tithe 97% The Financial Crisis- The wars of Louis XIV had left France saddled with a huge debt. King Louis XV borrowed money from bankers when the taxes did not produce. King Louis XVI ruled after Louis XV. His wife, Marie Antoinette, the daughter of the Austrian empress Maria Theresa, served as the target for all people determined to undermine monarchy. Louie XVI cared more for hunting than governing his country. However, France’s worsening debt forced him to tackle his governmental tasks. The Meeting of the Estates General- Louis XVI convened the Estates General at Versailles in 1789 to settle which estates should be taxed. The third estate did not like what was happening to in the meeting and proclaimed itself the National Assembly. This started the French Revolution. They made a pledge called the Tennis Court Oath.
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