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Territorial and Economic Expansion

Territorial and Economic Expansion - Territorial and...

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Territorial and Economic Expansion, 1830-1860 1. Manifest Destiny a. Expressed the popular belief that the U.S. had a divine mission to extend its power and civilization across the span of North America b. Idea was driven by nationalism, population increase, rapid economic development, technological advances, and reform ideals c. North thought the South was trying to spread slavery 2. Conflicts over Texas, Maine, and Oregon (1820s-1830s) a. Texas i. Mexico (recently gained it’s independence from Spain) recruited farmers to populate their land 1. Outlawed slavery 2. Must convert to Roman Catholicism ii. Americans out populated Mexicans three to one iii. Revolt and independence 1. General Santa Anna made himself dictator of Mexico 2. Sam Houston revolts and captures Santa Anna, after a defeat at the Alamo, at Jacinto River 3. Santa is forced to sign a treaty declaring Texas an independent republic 4. The Mexican government rejects the treaty iv. Annexation denied 1. Houston tries to get Texas annexed as a state a. Presidents Jackson and Van Buren don’t want another slave state so they ignore the request 2. President John Tyler tries to get Texas annexed but the Senate rejected his treaty of annexation in 1844 b. Boundary dispute in Maine (1840s) i. Dispute over boundary between Maine and New Brunswick, Canada ii. Webster-Ashburton Treaty 1. Split the disputed territory between Maine and British Canada c. Boundary dispute in Oregon i. British and American dispute ii. Fewer than a thousand British settlers north of the Columbia River iii. America bases claim on 1. The discovery of the Columbia River by Captain Robert Gray in 1792 2. The overland expedition to the Pacific Coast by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in 1805 3. The fur trading post and fort in Astoria, Oregon, established by John Jacob Astor in 1811 4. Protestant missionaries and farmers from the United States settled the Willamette Valley in the 1840s.
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5. The success of farming made U.S. have “Oregon Fever”
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Territorial and Economic Expansion - Territorial and...

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