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Foreign Policy, 1865-1914

Foreign Policy, 1865-1914 - Foreign Policy 1865-1914 1...

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Foreign Policy, 1865-1914 1. Seward, Alaska, and the French in Mexico a. The French in Mexico i. Napoleon III had sent troops to occupy Mexico while the U.S. was involved in a civil war ii. William Seward, secretary of state, threatened the French with the U.S. army and invoked the Monroe Doctrine b. The Purchase of Alaska i. Alaska is bought from Russia for $7.2 million in 1867 2. The “New Imperialism” a. U.S. intensifies its foreign involvement i. Worldwide markets for its growing industrial and agricultural surpluses ii. Sources of raw materials for manufacturing b. International Darwinism i. Imperialism 1. acquiring territory or gaining control over the political or economic life of other countries ii. Missionaries 1. Reverend Josiah Strong preached that it was a Christian’s duty to colonize other lands for the spreading of Christianity and Western Civilization iii. Politicians 1. Many Republican politicians generally endorsed the use of foreign affairs because of there business leader friends iv. Naval Power 1. Alfred Thayer Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History a. Argued that a strong navy was crucial to a country’s ambitions of securing foreign markets and becoming a world power b. Congress financed for the construction of modern steel ships and encouraged worldwide stations v. Popular Press 1. Newspaper and magazine editors found that they could increase circulation by printing adventure stories about exotic places c. Latin America i. Blaine and the Pan-American Conference (1889) 1. Representatives from various nations of the Western Hemisphere decided to create a permanent organization for international cooperation on trade and other issues 2. Started by Secretary of State James G. Blaine ii. Cleveland, Olney, and the Monroe Doctrine
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1. President Cleveland and S.O.S. Richard Olney insisted that Great Britain agree to settle a dispute over a Venezuelan boundary dispute 3. The Spanish-American War a. Causes of War i. Jingoism 1. An intense form of nationalism calling for an aggressive foreign policy 2. President Cleveland and McKinley were among many who thought military action abroad was both morally wrong and economically unsound ii. Cuban Revolt 1. Cuban nationalists revolt for ten years 2. Spain sends General Weyler and over 100,000 troops to
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