Exploration Discovery and Settlement

Exploration Discovery and Settlement - Exploration...

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Exploration, Discovery, and Settlement, 1492-1700 Cultures of North America Small settlements Larger societies - Pueblos - Woodland Native American - Mound-Builders o Adena o Hopewell o Mississippian - Cahokia - Iroquois Cultures of Central and South America - More Indians in this region than in the North - Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas Europe Moves toward Exploration Improvements in Technology - Europeans o Gunpowder o Sailing compass o Shipbuilding and mapmaking o Printing press (1450s) Religious Conflict - Catholics victory in Spain o Isabella and Ferdinand succeed in defeating the Moors of Granada o Christopher Columbus sails in 1492 - Protestant revolt in northern Europe Expanding Trade - land route to Asia had become blocked when , in 1453, the Ottoman Turks seized control of Constantinople - Voyages of exploration sponsored by Portugal’s Prince Henry the Navigator eventually succeeded in opening up a long sea route around South Africa’s Cape of Good Hope. - In 1498, Portuguese sea captain Vasco da Gama was the first European to reach India by this route Developing Nation-States - Nation State o A country in which the majority of people share both a common culture and common political loyalties toward a central government Early Explorations Columbus - Columbus’ legacy o America named after Amerigo Vespucci
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