Nationalism in Europe

Nationalism in Europe - Nationalism in Europe I The...

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Nationalism in Europe I. The Unification of Italy: Early Movements toward Unification : -Italian nationalism became a strong force in the early 1800s when many thinkers and writers tried to revive interest in Italy’s tradition. -Because nationalists could not support their cause openly, they formed secret societies, one which was known as Carbonari (charcoal-burner) who had a famous member named Giuseppe Mazzini, who started the Young Italy Movement. -King Victor Emmanuel of Sardinia supported the goals of the liberals in Italy Risorgimento - Italian word for “resurgence”, used as a name for the Italian nationalist movement of the 1800s- Young Italy Movement - Society of Italian nationalists formed in 1831 who wanted a republic Cavour in Sardinia : -the chief minister of premier, Count Camillo Benso di Cavour actually governed the kingdom of Sardinia. -Cavour disliked absolutism and admired the British system of parliamentary government. Napoleon III and War with Austria: - Cavour saw Austria as the greatest obstacle to Italian unification -Cavour and Napoleon III met in secret and planned a strategy against Austria -Napoleon III signs an armistice with Austria giving Austria Venetia Garibaldi and the Thousand: -Garibaldi of Italy recruited an army of 1,100 soldiers called the red shirts,
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