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Renaissance - Raphael Was popular in Florence Painted...

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Renaissance Renaissance- Rebirth of science, arts, and math. A movement following the Middle Ages that centered on revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome; French word meaning “Rebirth”. Medici Family- Grew wealthy first as bankers and then as rulers of the city-state Florence. Lorenzo Medici became a great patron of the arts and influenced Florence’s artistic awakening. Humanists- Italian scholars who stressed the study of grammar, rhetoric, history, and poetry using classical texts. Searched out manuscripts written in Greek and Latin. Became convinced that a person had to become actively involved in practical affairs. Writers: Machiavelli- Wrote The Prince , an instruction manual for rulers. Thought that power beats ideals. Wanted to unite Italy. Italian Artists: Da Vinci- A painter, sculptor, engineer, architect, and scientist. He painted the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. Michelangelo- Painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Also painted and carved David and Moses.
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Unformatted text preview: Raphael- Was popular in Florence. Painted Madonna’s of Virgin Mary Northern Renaissance- Consisted of Germany, the Netherlands, France, and England. The Danube, Rhone, and Rhine provided easy transportation to spread ideas and for northern country students to study in Italy. Johannes Gutenberg (1450) - German who became the first European to use movable type to print books. Desiderius Erasmus- Was a Dutch scholar who was critical of the Catholic Church Thomas More- English politician, humanist scholar, and writer who refused to comply with the Act of Supremacy, by which English subjects were enjoined to recognize Henry VIII's authority over the pope, and was imprisoned in the Tower of London and beheaded for treason. His political essay Utopia (1516) speculates about life under an ideal government. More was canonized in 1935. Brueghel- First to use oils on a canvas. A Flemish (Belgium) artist who painted at festivals and in villages. He painted everyday life....
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