Reformation - Reformation Reformation A religious...

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Reformation Reformation- A religious revolution that split the Christian church in western Europe and created a number of new churches. First break with the Roman Catholic Church was in Germany. Since Germany didn’t have a strong central government, the emperor could not control people’s different ideas about religion. Pope Leo X needed money to continue building St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. He asked Johann Tetzel (monk) to raise the money. Tetzel raised money by selling indulgences. The northern humanists were appalled by the selling of indulgences. Indulgences- pardons from punishment for sin. Martin Luther- German theologian and leader of the Reformation. His opposition to the wealth and corruption of the papacy and his belief that salvation would be granted on the basis of faith alone rather than by works caused his excommunication from the Catholic Church (1521) by Pope Leo X. The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V summoned Luther to the Imperial Diet, a special meeting of the rulers of the empire, at the city of Worms. Luther did not renounce his ideas and was banished from the empire and was not aloud to sell or print his works. The Elector of Saxony, Frederick the Wise, protected Luther and provided a place for him to hide while the uproar caused by the confrontation at the Diet of Worms died down. By 1534, under the protection of Frederick, Luther had translated the entire Bible from Hebrew and Greek to German. The princes who supported Luther
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Dr.dolittle during the Spring '08 term at Cedarville.

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Reformation - Reformation Reformation A religious...

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