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The Thirteenth Colonies and the British Empire

The Thirteenth Colonies and the British Empire - The...

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The Thirteenth Colonies and the British Empire, 1607-1750 A total of 13 distinctly different English colonies developed along the Atlantic coast of North America Charter - a document granting special privileges Corporate colonies - were operated by joint-stock companies, at least during these colonies’ early years Royal colonies - were to be under the direct authority and rule of the king’s government Proprietary colonies- were under the authority of individuals granted charters of ownership by the king The Chesapeake Colonies Maryland - Act of Toleration o The first colonial statute granting religious freedom to all Christians - Protestant revolt against Catholics o Protestants win and repeal the Act of Toleration o Catholics lost their right to vote for the Maryland assembly Virginia - Chesapeake colonies o Maryland and Virginia - Political problems and Bacon’s Rebellion o Sir William Berkeley (Royal governor of Virginia) adopted policies that favored the large planters o Was dictorial o Nathaniel Bacon Small farmer who raised an army and attacked Jamestown Bacon dies soon after from disease - Lasting problems o Sharp class differences between wealthy planters and landless or poor farmers o Colonial resistance to royal control Labor Shortages - Indentured servants o Worked for 4-7 years and then gained their freedom - Headright system o Virginia offered 50 acres of land to Each immigrant who paid for his own passage Any plantation owner who paid for an immigrant’s passage - Slavery Development of New England Rhode Island - Established by Puritan minister, Roger Williams
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