The Constitution and the New Republic

The Constitution and the New Republic - The Constitution...

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The Constitution and the New Republic, 1787-1800 The United States under the Articles, 1781-1787 Foreign Problems : The states failed to adhere to the Treaty of Paris, which required that Loyalists’ property be restored and debts to foreigners be repaid. Drafting the Constitution at Philadelphia The Delegates - 55 white male delegates - Most were college-educated and relatively young - Conducted meeting in secrete - George Washington was elected Chairperson - James Madison (Father of the Constitution) - Rhode Island did not send delegates Virginia Plan: - Madison’s Plan - Favored larger states - Proposed a central government with three branches - Bicameral legislature, with a lower house (elected by the people) and an upper house (elected by lower house) - Each state had a single vote in Congress - Representatives to both houses would be apportioned according to population New Jersey Plan: - William Paterson - Increased Congress’s power to tax and to regulate trade - Unicameral assembly - Each state received one vote in Congress under policy of equal
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The Constitution and the New Republic - The Constitution...

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