The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment - Salons- gatherings of the social,...

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The Enlightenment Enlightenment- philosophers believed they could apply the scientific method and use reason to logically explain human nature. Rationalism- the belief that truth can be arrived at solely by reason, or rational, logical thinking Philosophes- French word for philosopher Encyclopedia- a handbook or reference book on the Enlightenment, which became the most famous publication of the time period. Denis Diderot edited the Encyclopedia, which was published in 28 volumes. It contained articles from philosophes that criticized the government, slave trade, torture, taxes, and the war.
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Unformatted text preview: Salons- gatherings of the social, political, and cultural elite, who discussed their ideas Voltaire- helped popularized English ideas in France with his philosophical letters Montesquieu- he tried to describe the perfect government in The Spirit of the Laws Rousseau- in The Social Contract he wrote that people are born good but the environment, education, and laws corrupt them Enlightened Deposition- a system of government in which absolute monarchs ruled according to the principles of the Enlightenment...
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