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Test 1 - The Sumerians learned to irrigate the fertile...

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Engaging Art Four Major Themes - Spirituality - The Self - Nature - The City The Context of Art Prehistoric and Ancient Most likely, these figures were not valued for any erotic reasons, but as fetishes or magical objects that held the promise of fertility The paintings must have been used for ceremonial rituals for thousands of years (Cave Paintings) With the domestication of animals and the development of agriculture during the Neolithic period, concerns about fertility and the power of nature took new forms. These included the creation of massive ritual architecture. Post and Lintel construction (Stonehenge) Neolithic culture provides the earliest evidence of any attempt to preserve the likeness of individuals
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Unformatted text preview: The Sumerians learned to irrigate the fertile river basin and are also credited with inventing the wheel in the West, and a kind of writing known as cuneiform Sumerian Alabaster Vase: In this relief notice a priest offers a basket filled with fruit to the fertility goddess, Inanna Stele of Hammurabi: He is portrayed here standing directly in front of the sun god Shamash. Hammurabi, a brilliant ruler, derives two primary benefits from this image. It provides divine sanction for his authority and also presents him as the one who can stand before the gods on behalf of his people With the growth of Mesopotamian citities came specialization and social stratification...
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