AnthroExam1old

AnthroExam1old - What makes anthropology unique among...

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What makes anthropology unique among disciplines that study humans? -It is holistic and comparative What are anthropologists concerned with? -The structure of societies, the functions of social institutions, the meanings that culture gives to experience, and the change in structure that societies show over time. (all of the above) What are the four subdisciplines of anthropology? -Biological anthro, linguistic anthro, cultural anthro, and arachaeology What is ethnography? -the field-work aspect of cultural anthro What distinguishes anthro from other social sciences? -a holistic approach, broad cross-cultural comparison, participant observation, and ethnography How is survey research different from ethnography? -it tends to focus on fewer issues within a sample population (it studies whole functioning communities) Ethnographers. .. -study public and private styles of behavior, study individual and collective behavior in varied settings, should record what they see as they see it, often keep personal diaries. (perform all of the above) Which of the following techniques was developed specifically because of the importance of kinship and marriage relationships in nonindustrial societies? -The genealogical method Which of the following is one of the advantages an
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survey? -interview schedules allow informants to talk about what they see as important Culture. .. -is acquired by humans as member of society The fact that Americans and Brazilians, in general, have profoundly different ideas about appropriate social touching, sex, and even emotions is evidence that -Even apparently natural behaviors may be fundamentally shaped by culture. What process is most responsible for the existence of international culture? -diffusion What is cultural relativism? -it is the argument that behavior in a particular culture should not be judged by the standards of another culture. Which of the foloowing statements about culture is NOT true? -human groups differ in their capacities for culture (true: culture learning is uniquely elaborated among humans, culture is the major reason for human adaptability, the capacity of culture is shared by all humans.) The incest taboo, a cultural universal, but. .. -The definition of what constitutes incest varies
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AnthroExam1old - What makes anthropology unique among...

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