INR2001 Test 2 REVIEW - INR2001 Test 2 REVIEW Security...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
INR2001 Test 2 REVIEW Security dilemma- the propensity of armaments undertaken by one state for ostensibly defensive purposes to threaten other states, which arm in reaction, with the result that the arming states’ national security declines as their arms increase. Democratic peace- the liberal theory that lasting peace depends on the deepening of liberal democratic institutions within states and their diffusion throughout the globe, given the “iron law” that democracies do not wage war against each other. Mutually assured destruction (MAD)- a condition of mutual deterrence in which both sides possess the ability to survive a first strike with weapons of mass destruction and launch a devastating retaliatory attack. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)- the negotiations begun in 1969 between the United States and the USSR to freeze offensive weapons at existing levels and promote balanced, verifiable limits on strategic nuclear weapons. Strategic Arms Reduction Theory (START)- the U.S.- Russian series of negotiations that began in 1993 and, with the 1997 START III agreement ratified by Russia in 2000, pledged to cut nuclear arsenals of both sides by 80% of the Cold War peaks, in order to lower the risk of nuclear war by making a successful preemptive strike impossible. Hegemonic stability theory- the argument that a single dominant state is necessary to enforce international cooperation, maintain international rules and agreements, and keep the peace. Alliance- coalitions that form when two or more states combine their military capabilities and promise to coordinate their policies to increase mutual security. Balance of power- the theory that peace and stability are most likely to be maintained when military power is distributed to prevent a single hegemon or bloc from controlling the world. Deterrence- a preventive strategy designed to dissuade an adversary from doing what it otherwise might prefer to do, such as initiating a military attack. Deterrence= capability x resolve. Massive retaliation- the Eisenhower administration’s policy doctrine for containing Soviet communism by pledging to respond to any act of aggression with the most destructive capabilities available, including nuclear weapons. Countervalue targeting strategy- the bargaining doctrine that declares the intention to use weapons of mass destruction against an enemy’s most valued non-military resources, such as the civilians and industries located in its cities. Counterforce targeting strategy- targeting strategic nuclear weapons on particular military capabilities of an enemy’s armed forces and arsenals. Nuclear utilization theory (NUT)- a body of strategic thought that claimed deterrent threats would be more credible if nuclear weapons were more usable.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern