Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Introduction o Curiosity motivates us...

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Chapter 1Introduction :oCuriosity motivates us to study sexoThere are practical reasons for learning about sex (driving force in life)oLearning about sex will help us function better in our sex livesSex and gender :oGender: state of being male or femaleoSexual behaviour : behaviour that produces arousal and increases the change of orgasmoSex: used ambiguously , referring to both being male or female and the behaviour.oGender roles and expectations strongly influence sexual behaviouroSexuality has several dimensionsPhysical (behaviour)Psychological ( knowledge and attitudes)Social ( norms and values)Sexual Health: a state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being in relation to sexuality.oRequires sexual rights to be protectedoSexual rights – basic rights regarding sexuality, both positive and negative. Such as reproductive self-determination (abortion) and freedom from sexual abuse and violenceInfluences on sexualityReligionoUntil 100 yrs ago, religion and rumor were largely the sources of information about sexProvide norms and values which influence attitudes and behavioursoEach religion has different views on what’s rights and wrong with sexualityMuslims – believed sexual intercourse is one of the finest pleasures in lifeGreeks Used mythology to explain both hetero and homosexualityTheory: people used to be double creatures but were split so they spendtheir lives looking for their other half (man or women)openly acknowledge and endorse same sex and other sex desireChristians 15thcentury Christians thought ‘wet dreams’ were a result of sex with a spiritual creature which resulted of being guilty of witchcraft if this happenedScienceoScientific study of sex began in 19thcentury, helps set the ground work for having sexAnton van leeuwenhoek-discovered sperm in semen in late 1th centuryOskar hertwig – first observed fertilization of an egg in a sea urchin Sigmund freud was paramount in relating human sexuality and psychologyoSex researchers began work in Victorian era – had rigid ideas about sex at this time but there was inconsistency between norms and actually behaviour
Sexology : scientific study of sexual behavior Graham (1794-1851) – invented the gram cracker to control mens sexual appetitesJohn Harvey Kellogg(1852-1943) – invented cornflakes to control sexual impulses – also identified 39 signs of masturbation Michel Faoucault - sexual science (1926- 1984)

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