Africa: The Continent and its People

Africa: The Continent and its People - AFRICA STUDY GUIDE...

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AFRICA STUDY GUIDE Study Guide 1 Early African History 1a.Question: What kind of evolutionary forms in materialist terms characterise early African History before 1500 A.D. especially as documented by Rodney and Bekerie? In answering Identify some ancient African Empires with their characteristic mode of production peculiar to the environment of these empires and ancient civilizations. 1b. Answer/Clues: Materialist reading of history proposes to show historical evolution and history as an unfolding of the laws of uneven development of societies. In African ancient history, the Ethiopian Empire/Hunting Culture of the Congo; the Western Sudan Empire/Khoisan Hunting Culture of the Kalahari desert and more sharp contrasts illustrate all these p33. In reading African history, Rodney calls attention to the question of civilization and culture. 34. These and their meanings and the values allocated to them help us understand history, its evolution and material forms. 2a. Question. In some early African civilizations where the mode of production was agriculture, what may be a distinct feature of this mode? 2b. Answer. Though the primary mode of living was agriculture, the absence of professional groups such as feudalist land owners and capitalist farmers as a class with vested interest in the land defined the mode of agricultural production and also the nature of the economy arising from that mode of agriculture. 40/41. 3a. Question: identify the earliest mode of exchange in African societies before 1500 A.D. Very briefly trace the gradual change to a more standard mode. You may mention some of the items used for this more standard mode. 3b. Answer:Mode of exchange-barter was practiced with small quantity of goods. But barter was not a static mode of exchange-later some items became standard of measure e.g. salt, cloth, iron hoes, cowrie shells, gold and copper etc. In few places such as North Africa, Ethiopia, Kongo the mode was becoming more sophisticated. 43. 4a. Question. Identify two ancient African cultures with an eye on their political forms. State very briefly (not more than three sentences) the basic characteristics of these cultures as identified by Rodney. 4b. Answer: Check the case studies in Reading Walter Rodney 1 which I posted. 5a. Question: State three common fallacies by some scholars on African Historiography especially with respect to the Transatlantic Enslavement. 5b. Answer: Check the population data on page 97. What could be responsible for the low population of the African continent? What is the implication of this for devpt? Slave trade, migration of labor and consequences on agric. Labor was drawn from one of the primary mode of productions-agriculture –. The hot spots –West Africa-from Senegal to the Angola belt, East –Central Africa
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Africa: The Continent and its People - AFRICA STUDY GUIDE...

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