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W7-Notes.docx - Line Balancing Essentially, line balancing...

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Line BalancingEssentially, line balancing is leveling the workload across all processes in a cell or value stream to removebottlenecks and excess capacity. Line balancing is a process of deciding how to assign tasks toworkstations; and the goal of line balancing is to obtain task groupings that represent approximatelyequal time requirements. This can be achieved by matching the production rate or cycle time after all thewastes have been removed to the Takt time at each process of the value stream.Line balancing minimizes idle time along the line and results in high utilization of labor and equipmentbecause idle time will occur if task times are not equal among workstations; wherein some stations arecapable of producing at higher rates than others. These fast stations will experience periodic weights forthe output from the slower stations or else be forced into idleness to avoid buildups of work betweenstations.Unbalanced production lines are undesirable in terms of inefficient utilization of labor and equipment,and because they may create morale problems at the slower stations of workers who must workcontinuously.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Ford Motor Company, Ford Model T, Production line

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