AfricaNotesWhole - ASRC October 4 2007 General and...

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ASRC October 4, 2007 General and Historical Feature of Contemporary Africa: Berlin conference and artificial partitioning of Africa 1884-1885 Creation of artificial colonial zones in Africa “Francophone” Africa: Senegal, Benin Republic, Togo, Burkina Faso, Zaire, Rwanda, Ivory Coast, Niger, Gabon “Lusophone” Africa (Portuguese): Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Angola “Arab” Africa: Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Morocco “Anglophone” Africa: South Africa, Botswana, Liberia, Uganda, Gambia, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Malawi “Horn” of Africa: Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea Main colonists: Britain, France, Portuguese, Belgium, Germany, Italy Basic African Continental Organizations: Organization of African Unity African Union ECOWAS: Economic Community of West African States ECA: Economic Commission for Africa ECCAS: Economic Community of Central African States EAC: East African Community SADC: Southern African Development community UNECA: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa OATU: Organization for African Trade Units NEPAD: New Partnerships for Africa’s Development Amilar Cabral on Culture, Freedom, Colonialism, and Domination Teaching of History on Culture Material Domination is a necessary condition of colonization, domination, but its sufficient condition is permanent and organized repression of the culture dominated History shows that cultural resistence often takes different forms- political (constitutional struggles, mostly West African and East African states) political armed struggles (Guinea Bissau/Cape Verde in West Africa, and mostly southern African states- Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa, Ect.) o Two phases: o Constitutional Struggle and Armed struggle o Bantustan Policy: physical split of a city into two gated parts Take most productive part: push South Africans out, into LESS productive part Can only come back with passport Separate policies within same country Ideals Practical Elimination-excluding possibility of cultural existence Impossible without damage to the culture of dominated people. Harmonization of economic and political domination of the dominated people with their cultural personality. Example of this: what is called progressive assimilation: Francophone area Culture
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Expresses multiple relations: human and nature, humans and environment, humans and humans Expression and resultant of history: Culture is to History as flower is to Palnt Any independent and national struggle is therefore an act of culture attempting to negate domination Class of character in culture Material (technical) and immaterial aspects (ethics, aesthetics, religion, history) as indivisible twins Look at Cabral’s discourse on culture. How do you understand thesis as an instrument for decolonization?
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