History 2 Notes Exam Three 3-24-08

History 2 Notes Exam Three 3-24-08 - History Two Exam Three...

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History Two Exam Three 3-24-08 Reform in Turkey and Iran -Before WWI their were attempts to rouse nationalism from the Ottaman Empire(Ottomanism) -Wanted to create a sense of loyalty -The empire was very diverse so it was hard to get true nationalism -Treaty of Seves was drafted to bring peace to the Ottomans and the other powers -It was meant to punish the Ottomans -Empire was divided up given to other nations -The Treaty of Sevres made people mad in Central Anatolia -They organized into armed guerilla bands and would defend the Turkish Lands -1919 Mustafa Kemal organized the guerillas into a decent fighting force -1919 Greek division occupied the city of Izmir and started to push into Anatolia -The Greek invasion triggered the nationalist reaction -Kemal was concerned with political legitimacy -He wanted to throw out the old government in Istabul and come up with a new one -1920 He would call for a gathering of representatives -Came together in Ankara, they started a new government and formed a new capital
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