History Notes 10-24-07 Lecture Two Unit Three

History Notes 10-24-07 Lecture Two Unit Three - Lecture Two...

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Lecture Two Unit Three 10-24-07 Primary Political and Ideological Traditions Point of Departure Zhou Dynasty -Was divided into two parts -Western Zhou-the older part -Eastern Zhou-the newer part Western Zhou -Much larger than the Shang Dyansty -To rule it they introduced a new form of government, Feudalism -It existed only in the early time period of it -They also developed a new theory of government known was Mandate of Heaven -It was the impersonal law of nature -It said heaven was responsible for maintaining peace -Heavens gave rulers right to governor -The ruler was the link between the heavens and the community -It was used to justify the overthrow of the Shang Dynasty -Zhou Dynasty also used Son of Heaven Different Schools of Thought -Eastern Zhou -In the 8 th century power began to decline -Vessels started to established there own bases of power with own regional power with private armies and taxes -They ignored the Zhou rulers and got in to conflicts and start wars -When everybody was at war it was known as the Waring States -Educated Chinese show this and wanted to change it -Condition of New schools of thought came about by the response to the crisis of the society -Therefore the creative minorities came about Rise of Confucianism 6 th -5 th century BC -Kongzi or Confucius -Born into aristocratic family -He was chinas very 1 st professional teacher -Took student that payed tuition to teach -Taught views of government and life
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1010 taught by Professor Kicklighter during the Fall '07 term at Auburn University.

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History Notes 10-24-07 Lecture Two Unit Three - Lecture Two...

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