History Notes 10-12-07 Lecture Eight Unit Two

History Notes 10-12-07 Lecture Eight Unit Two - Lecture 8...

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Lecture 8 Unit Two 10-12-07 Changes within existing political and institutional traditions -Europe tried to union there empires -They wanted a Holy Roman Empire -But it was just a large german state governing a number of places -Two major something -Constitutional monarchy - -Origins came form medieval period Medieval start -It started in England in 106 -An army under William the Conqueror invaded and set up shop -After 1066 monarchical power grew under Henry II Henry the II -Tried to centralize the administration -He granted magistrates the power to render legal decisions on be have of the king -The first legal textbook came about under him and it started common law -Common Law-the system of laws or ignited and developed in England and based on court decisions, on the doctrines implicit in those decisions, and on customs and usages rather than on codified written laws Magna Carta -The nobles rose up against King John -They said there families suffered because of the laws -The nobles made him accept the Magna Carta of 1215 -It contained a list of noble rights -The important of it lies in theory of law implied -It wanted the king to observe not rule by due process -Due process- an establish course for judicial proceedings or other governmental act: designed to safe guard the legal right, of the individual -The king had to get consent from the nobles to do anything and didnt have absolute power -The document was used to show limited monarchical power -It also cause conflict, in 1258 the nobles took over the royal administration, Henry tried to take it back but was captured -The implications of the carta-modern civil rights and liberties first appeared as feudal rights, that he nobility, had started from the conflict between nobility and monarchy Noble power -1256 the leaders got together and had a meeting -It was the first joint assembly of Magnates and Nobles -They were held on a regular basis -They discussed tax and affairs, etc -Became known as Parliament -Modern day Parliament came form the assemblies -The pattern of limited monarchy came up because of the conflicts
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Absolute Monarchy -French was the ideal example -In the late 10 th century the West Frankish noble elected Hugh Capet- who started the Capetian Dynasty -At first it had little power, but grew a great deal over a few centuries -Being of the 14 th century King was Philip the Fair Philip the Fair -Was a hands on ruler -He ignored the nobles and did it by establishing an effective administration centralization -He created the Estates General It had representatives from 3 groups 1. Clergy 2. Nobles 3. Towns People -Meet 1402 for the first time -It was an advisory council for the King -Philip made the first French Monarchy -He created the Estates General which only meet when he wanted them Hundred Years War -Contributed to the two political patterns -Between France and England -It was about disputes of succession and land -Nobility of both sides took part in the battles -Outcome France-Heavily Armed Nobles>Knights>etc England- Heavily Armed Nobles>Pro Soldiers>Longbows
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