History Notes 9-17-07 Lecture Two Unit Two

History Notes 9-17-07 Lecture Two Unit Two - Lecture Two...

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Lecture Two 9-17-07 -Rome owed its existence to Aeneas -Aeneas- was a refuge from Troy -Troy was an Asian minor that the Greeks attacked -He fled and came to Italy -He had two desendents -Romulus and Remus Romulus and Remus -At infancy they were left on the bank of the Tiber rivers -Discovered by a she-wolf and raised by it -Romulus was the founder of Rome and established himself as its first king -The brothers fought and got into arguments -Romulus killed Remus Rome -The early Romans were nomadic people -Development of Rome was influenced by the Greeks and Etruscans -Greeks put an influence on them by there colonizes with its architecture and litature -Etruscans were the first people to dominated Italy 8th-5 th Century BC -They established a number of cities but lived in Rome as well -The Etruscans were technologically advanced, they were good at buliding temples which they passed on to the Romans -They also taught them the alphabet -They were good people -The Etruscans declined when in 509BC the Romans expelled the last Eturscan king and established a republican government Roman Republican Government -It had 3 key components 1.Consuls -Chief Executive Officers-were extremely powerful officials -Two types of consuls, Military and Magistrate -Magistrate-a civil or military officer with power to administer and enforce law -Served as supreme civil and military magistrate -They were elected every year -The administered government affairs, led roman army into battle -Were commander of the troops Office of the Praetor-366 -An assistant to the consul, they could command troops -They governed the city of Rome when the consuls were away -There primary responsibility was to enforce civil law -Were an annually elected magistrate of Ancient Rome 2.Senate -Roman senate had an important position in Roman government -It had 300 members from leading families -They served for life -Appointed officials
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-People were solvern, and gave advice to the consuls and were very powerful 3.Popular Assembiles -Only males citizens could attend them and vote -Rome had two assembiles -Assembly of Centuries and Tribes Assembly of Centuries -Unit of the Roman Army -It was military in nature and was military units organzed into a voting body -They voted for peace or war -Elected consuls who had power to command power Assembly of Tribes -A non military civilian assembly -Elected consuls that didnt have power to command troops -Much more democratic since they were based on members from different tribes -End of 2 nd BC, only 35 tribes to choose from Republic-a political system of form of government in which the supreme power is in the hands of
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1010 taught by Professor Kicklighter during the Fall '07 term at Auburn University.

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History Notes 9-17-07 Lecture Two Unit Two - Lecture Two...

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