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History Notes 8-27 Lecture Four

History Notes 8-27 Lecture Four - Lecture Four Umayyad...

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8-27-07 Lecture Four Umayyad Dynasty took over in 661 661-750 -The dynasty has a lot of alliences -They brought stability to the Islam community -It was the first all Islam Empire -Umayyad dynasty continued to expand there territory through the 7 th and 8 th century -The capital was Damascus -It faced administration problems since they ruled as conquerors -There goal was the Arab military arisotricay -They appointed military officers as governors and gave wealth to them -Christians, Jews, Buddhist, and Zoros were in the empire while it was being ruled -Lot of different ethnic groups in the empire -If different religions didnt want to covert to Islam they had to pay poll taxes to stay that way -A rebellion in Persia that finally brought down the Umayyad Dynasty Abbasid Dynasty 750-1258 -Abu-al-Abbas was the leader of the dynasty -He led a rebellion to Persia and to Mesopotamia -Had and invited all the remaining Umayyad leaders and then killed them all -It was a more cosmopolitan dynasty and didn't show support for the miliary -The dynasty lasted until 1258 when Mongol invaded it -It treated people more like equals and not one of conquest -Abu was focused on just administrating his dynasty -He reallied on persian techniques -Abbasids capital was in Baghdad -Local governor type people were appointed known as Ulama -Ulama were people with religious knowledge
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