This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: 9-5-07 Lecture One Unit TwoEuropean CivilizationInventing Primary Political Traditions-**The first important society was on Crete Island 2500-1500BC**-No one knew for a long time that it existed-Not until 1900 people found about it-Author Evans went to Crete in search for origins of an ancient writing system-He landed and then went wondering on Crete-He started to dig and dug for 25 years which led to the discovery of MinoMino-Mino was named after the King Minos-Mino reached its height from 2000-1500BC-The existence of Monumental Architecture-The city Knossos was home to a large palace-Unlike others it had no defensive fortifications-In Mino traders and merchants made up most of the population-Trade was essential because it was an island-It had a market oriented economy-Though Mino suffered a sudden collapse in 1450BC-Invasions and a attacks that may have come from mainland GreeceMainland Greece-Mycenaen-Archaeologist Schliemcenn found it-It had fortifications-It reached its height during 1400-1200BCMycenaens writing system-Leaner B which as borrowed form Cretes Linear A-In 1952 an Architect deciphered itDark ages-1200-700BC many cites were destroyed-Government disappearedFoundation of European CivilizationEvolution of Polis 1200-700 BC-Polis(city-state)-Major form of political evolution-The 8thcentury was a fundamental time in greek society-Polis-small but autonomous political unit in which all major political, social, and religious, activites, were carried out at one central location-Females were not considered citizensInventing Primary Political Traditions and Decentralization and institutional Pluralism in Greece 700-838BC-Athens at first followed other political greek city-states-At the begin it was ruled by the aristocrats -The aristocrats had the best land and land was the most important resource-Only members that were aristocrats could participate in the political crap-At the time the Assemble of Male Citizens had little power-Then class tensions rose-It was mainly between farmers that couldn't pay there loans-Pledge themselves as collateral to there land, collateral-was property acceptable of security of loans-If they couldn't pay they would be sold into slavery-The farmers wanted redistribution of the landChief Solon-He was to address class conflicts and economic problems-Almost got power to change anything-Instead in allowed the aristocrats to keep there land instead of redistribute it-Though he forbid slavery and liberated those farmers who had been sold into slavery-He allowed only wealthy common class to serve in the political affairs-**He created a frameset for resolution of the class conflict**...
View Full Document