Problems06

Problems06
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Unformatted text preview: Wq2Chapter 6 Problems 1, 2 , 3 = straightforward, intermediate, challenging Section 6.1 Newtons Second Law Applied to Uniform Circular Motion 1. A light string can support a stationary hanging load of 25.0 kg before breaking. A 3.00-kg object attached to the string rotates on a horizontal, frictionless table in a circle of radius 0.800 m, while the other end of the string is held fixed. What range of speeds can the object have before the string breaks? 2. A curve in a road forms part of a horizontal circle. As a car goes around it at constant speed 14.0 m/s, the total force on the driver has magnitude 130 N. What is the vector total force on the driver if the speed is 18.0 m/s instead? 3. In the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, the speed of the electron is approximately 2.20 × 10 6 m/s. Find (a) the force acting on the electron as it revolves in a circular orbit of radius 0.530 × 10 10 m and (b) the centripetal acceleration of the electron. 4. In a cyclotron (one type of particle accelerator), a deuteron (of atomic mass 2.00 u) reaches a final speed of 10.0% of the speed of light while moving in a circular path of radius 0.480 m. The deuteron is maintained in the circular path by a magnetic force. What magnitude of force is required? 5. A coin placed 30.0 cm from the center of a rotating, horizontal turntable slips when its speed is 50.0 cm/s. (a) What force causes the centripetal acceleration when the coin is stationary relative to the turntable? (b) What is the coefficient of static friction between coin and turntable? 6. Whenever two Apollo astronauts were on the surface of the Moon, a third astronaut orbited the Moon. Assume the orbit to be circular and 100 km above the surface of the Moon, where the acceleration due to gravity is 1.52 m/s 2 . The radius of the Moon is 1.70 × 10 6 m. Determine (a) the astronaut's orbital speed, and (b) the period of the orbit. 7. A crate of eggs is located in the middle of the flat bed of a pickup truck as the truck negotiates an unbanked curve in the road. The curve may be regarded as an arc of a circle of radius 35.0 m. If the coefficient of static friction between crate and truck is 0.600, how fast can the truck be moving without the crate sliding? 8. The cornering performance of an automobile is evaluated on a skidpad, where the maximum speed that a car can maintain around a circular path on a dry, flat surface is measured. Then the centripetal acceleration, also called the lateral acceleration, is calculated as a multiple of ...
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