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chapter 5 passive voice.docx - PASSIVE / ACTIVE Active...

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PASSIVE / ACTIVEActive voice emphasizes who or what did the action.Example: Mr. John bought this car five years ago. (Who did the action? Mr. John)The cat ate the fish this morning. (What did the action? The cat)Passive voice emphasizes what happened.Example: This car was bought by Mr. John five years ago.(What happened? This car was bought)Pay attention to a further explanation:ACTIVEPASSIVE1. SIMPLE PRESENT(+) S + V.1 (s/es) + O( -) S + do / does + not + V.1 + O(?) Do / does + S + V.1 + O ?(+) O + is/am/are + V.3 by S( -) O + is/am/are + not + V.3 by S(?) Is/am/are + O + V.3 by S2. SIMPLE PAST(+) S + V.2 + O( -) S + did + not + V.1 + O(?) Did + S + V.1 + O ?(+) O + was/were + V.3 by S( -) O + was/were + not + V.3 by S(?) Was/were + O + V.3 by S3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS(+) S + is/am/are + V.ing + O( -) S + is/am/are + not + V.ing + O(?) Is/am/are + S + V.ing + O ?(+) O + is/am/are + being +V.3 by S( -) O + is/am/are + not + being +V.3 byS(?) Is/am/are + O + being + V.3 by S4. PAST CONTINUOUS(+) S + was/were + V.ing + O( -) S + was/were + not + V.ing + O(?) Was/were + S + V.ing + O ?(+) O + was/were + being + V.3 by S( -) O + was/were + not + being + V.3by S(?) Was/were + O + being + V.3 by S5. PRESENT PERFECT(+) S + have/has + V.3 + O( -) S + have/has + not + V.3 + O(?) Have/has + S + V.3 + O ?(+) O + have/has + been + V.3 by S( -) O + have/has + not + been + V.3 byS(?) Have/has + O + been + V.3 by S6. PAST PERFECT(+) S + had + V.3 + O( -) S + had + not + V.3 + O(?) Had + S + V.3 + O ?(+) O had + been +V.3 by S( -) O + had + not + been + V.3 by S(?) Had + O + been + V.3 by S7. FUTURE(+) S + modals + V.1 + O( -) S + modals + not + V.1 + O(?) Modals + S + V.1 + O ?

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Term
Winter
Professor
jslaksla
Tags
Passive voice, Mr John

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