Psychology Class Notes

Psychology Class Notes - Psychology Class Notes Psych The...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology Class Notes Psych The Mind Logos The study of Psychology: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.- Scientific Study- Behavior- Mental Processes Subfields of Psychology- Cognitive Psychologists o Knowing stuff around you without needing to see it Ex: Going to the bathroom at night in the dark- Biological Psychologists (Neuro Scientists) o Study how biological structures and functions effect mental processes.- Personality Psychologist o Study how personality effects behavior- Developmental Psychologists o Study how developmental changes effect psychology Ex: If you show a child an object then hide it by 9 months old they recognize it still exists when hidden.- Clinical Psychologist o Study treatments for disorders and cure them. Has a psyd or a PHD. Cannot provide medication like a psychiatrist can.- Counseling Psychologist o Work as mental health councilors; work with mild disorders unlike clinical psychologist. Class Notes 2/13/08 Subfields - Areas that Psychologists focus their research on. Historical Perspectives of Psych: Structuralism, functionalism, and gestalt. Nature v.s. Nurture Nature The way that you actually are Nurture The way that you were raised and the environment What is more important? Answer: Both Conscious- The forces or things that drive behavior are available to conscious awareness. Unconscious - Forces are under the surface and unavailable to us t think about. Freewheel- Behavior due to choices we make Determinism- Behavior due to things outside of our control Individual Differences- How much of our behavior is due to our own unique qualities? Universal Principles- How much of it is due to the fact that were all humans? Scientific Research:- Used to describe behavior- Used to predict behavior- Used to explain behavior- Used to understand behavior Critical Thinking:- What am I being asked to believe or accept?- Is there evidence available to support the claim? The Critical Thinking of Scientific Research- Identify the question of interest stemming from o Behavior and phenomenon requiring explanation o Prior research findings o Curiosity, creativity, insight- Formulate an explanation o Specify a theory o Develop a hypothesis- Carry out research o Operationalize hypothesis o Select a research method o Collect the data o Analyze the data Independent Variable The thing that the experimenter changes or groups things based on this characteristic. Dependent Variable What is being measured. Confounding Variable Factors that may have influenced the independent or dependent variable in a systematic way. Random Variables Vary in an unbiased way. Experimental Group Receives treatment Control Group Does not receive treatment or receives normal treatment Reliability Are the results consistent and repeatable?...
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Psychology Class Notes - Psychology Class Notes Psych The...

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