lesson 3_4 attempt 2 - Fall/Spring Quiz 2 Lessons 3 and 4...

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Unformatted text preview: 5/21/2015 Fall/Spring Quiz 2: Lessons 3 and 4 Submitted by JOSHI, ASTHA (AVJ5224) on 2/8/2015 9:59:26 PM Points Awarded 40.00 Points Missed 60.00 Percentage 40.0% 1. One basic step in Buddhist meditation is A) stilling the mind by ceasing to talk to one’s self B) counting one’s heartbeats until 100, then starting again C) sitting in a comfortable chair D) chanting prayers rhythmically E) selecting one’s favorite music to play in the background 2. Kumbha Mela A) is a spring festival in which people frolic around a bonfire B) is the largest gathering of people in the world C) is a spoken sound that facilitates spiritual transformation D) takes place at a sacred mountain once every 5 years E) celebrates the triumph of light over darkness 3. The tilak (forehead mark) of Vishnu features A) three horizontal lines B) a circle within a circle C) vertical lines joined at the bottom D) a thick vertical line E) a square with a dot in the center 4. In the traditional biography of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama), he ventured out the from the palace as a young man and saw A) a sick man, an old man, a dead man, and a religious practitioner B) the poverty of ordinary people, which filled Siddhartha with a desire for political and social reform C) a young man, a young woman, an old man, and an old woman D) the passing entourage of a great ruler, which filled Siddhartha with ambition E) a traditional religious festival, which filled Siddhartha with ambition … 1/5 5/21/2015 Fall/Spring Quiz 2: Lessons 3 and 4 5. Among other things, the deity Kali represents A) Bhakti Yoga B) sexual beauty C) charity and kindness D) the power of the masculine principle E) the fact that we, and all other things, will die and transform 6. In the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna’s chariot driver persuades Arjuna to A) devote his life to the literary arts as a means of understanding Brahman B) renounce worldly affairs and abandon the battlefield C) fight for the purpose of upholding the honor of his family D) strive to create an ideal society by winning the battle E) do his duty and fight 7. In the ideas of later Hinduism A) a divine essence permeates everything in the universe B) the one correct way to attain liberation is by detachment from society C) visual depictions of the divine are not appropriate because they are too limited D) the only correct way to attain liberation is by devoting one’s self wholeheartedly to a deity E) the single correct way to attain liberation is by karma (action) yoga 8. The term dukkha in the first of the Noble Truths indicates A) a deep sense of contentment, peace, and calm B) desires and grasping for permanence C) a wide range of suffering, including a nagging sense that life is unsatisfactory or not quite right D) the process by which the physical body declines with age E) acute suffering and agony of one’s physical body 9. In the Buddhist Eightfold Path, one specific component of “right speech” is to A) avoid idle gossip B) refuse to give complex academic lectures C) avoid pointing out anything unpleasant, even if it is true … 2/5 5/21/2015 Fall/Spring Quiz 2: Lessons 3 and 4 D) avoid singing and other forms of vocal music E) spend each day in a state of mindful silence 10. A core insight discovered by the Buddha was A) the idea of dependent arising B) the stability of our true selves (atman) over time C) that sometimes we suffer D) the inevitability of death E) the usefulness of deep­trance meditation 11. In the thought of later Hinduism, diverse visual representations of the Divine A) are not really correct, and therefore are not appropriate B) demonstrate the teaching that there is no single Divine essence C) are appropriate, but only for uneducated people who cannot read religious texts D) can provide a glimpse, hint, or other insight into the vast and profound quality of Brahman E) are appropriate for avatars (manifestations) of Shiva and Vishnu, but not for other deities 12. In the traditional biography of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama), one of the practices in which he engaged after the Great Renunciation was A) hedonism B) performing religious rituals C) asceticism (mortifying the flesh) D) good works in the form of poverty relief E) academic study at a local university 13. In typical practice, most Hindus A) pay little or no attention to deities because meditation does not require doing so B) consume beef at communal feasts to affirm community bonds C) devote themselves to a single deity D) fast, expose themselves to the elements, lay on beds of nails and otherwise mortify their flesh E) devote themselves to three deities … 3/5 5/21/2015 Fall/Spring Quiz 2: Lessons 3 and 4 14. A highly advanced Buddhist practitioner who attains to and abides in the 4th meditative absorption (jhana), which is neither suffering nor bliss, will probably A) look with disdain and scorn on the masses of unenlightened people B) become famous as a great Buddhist sage C) not be reborn D) become a great conquering general E) be reborn as a deity (deva) or saint 15. In the traditional biography of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama), after he became enlightened, one basic decision that he had to make was whether to A) attempt to explain to others about how he had succeeded B) return to his father’s house and become king C) continue with ascetic practices (mortifying his flesh) D) ordain priests to carry out Buddhist rites E) continue meditating 16. According to the Buddhist Eightfold Path, which of the following would be a concrete effect of “right mindfulness”? A) advancement in monastic rank B) the ability to run or swim with amazing speed C) realizing clearly that every mental and physical state is in flux and nothing is solid or enduring D) the unity of atman with Brahman (the cosmic deity­force) E) the power to cause objects to levitate or otherwise move 17. In the traditional biography of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama), soon after he was born A) his father began exposing Siddhartha to the harsh realities of life B) a wise man predicted he would become a great scholar or a brilliant general C) his father began preparing Siddhartha for a great religious quest D) a wise man predicted he would become a musician or a temple priest E) a wise man predicted he would become a great king or a great religious leader … 4/5 5/21/2015 Fall/Spring Quiz 2: Lessons 3 and 4 18. Upon becoming enlightened, the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) was initially reluctant to try to explain how he had accomplished it. The reason was that A) he did not want to offend the Brahmins (priests) of the established social order B) he lacked compassion C) such a teaching might be too difficult for others to grasp or too demanding for them to practice D) explaining how to become enlightened was a burdensome task the Buddha hoped to avoid E) he was afraid nobody would believe that he had become enlightened 19. In the traditional biography of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama), soon after becoming enlightened he sang a song that included the verses “O housemaker! I have seen you! / You shall build no more houses for me!” It meant that the Buddha A) was liberated from the cycle of rebirth (samsara) B) renounced his father’s kingdom C) would never again enter a house or other physical shelter D) renounced asceticism (mortification of the flesh) E) would be reborn in a heavenly paradise 20. In the Buddhist Eightfold Path, the basic idea behind “right intention” (or “right resolve”) is to A) channel thoughts toward kindness and compassion B) strive to attain happiness and heightened self­esteem C) abandon hope of being able to bring about one’s own enlightenment through effort D) actively identify one’s self as a member of the Buddhist religion E) strive to improve one’s rebirth by enhancing one’s social status Continue … 5/5 ...
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