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Mexican Immigration

Mexican Immigration - Andrew Heitner Latino American...

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Andrew Heitner Latino American History Wendy Klepetar 11/15/2007 Latino Americans: The History of American Agriculture “Immigration is the sincerest form of Flattery.” This quote by Jack Parr, a former host of the Tonight Show, clearly illustrates what Immigration is. Undoubtedly, our nation is formed on immigration. All current residents, save a small demographic of native Americans, have origins abroad. The United States is the melting pot of all nations. Throughout History, the American Dream is what is most coveted by all demographics. The idea that anything is possible with a little hard work has invoked a mass migration dating back to the conception of the United States. The quest for the “American Dream” has brought all ethnicities to this nation; however, no ethnic group has ever accomplished such a mass migration as the Latino American subculture, more specifically the Mexican subculture. Although the Latino American demographic includes individuals form many countries; Cuba, Puerto Rico, along with South America, and Central American countries. No nationality has surpassed the Mexican profile of immigration throughout history. Today, Mexican Americans are the largest minority in the nation numbering over 21 million and hold 63 percent of the current Latino American population (carr-ruffino 370). This number is irreversibly growing. Between 1990 and 2000 Mexican American demographic was increased at a rate of 53 percent, more impressively, in the twenty years prior, from 1970 – 1990, this demographic grew an astonishing 147 percent (carr-ruffino 370). Clearly a drop off in immigration is seen between the two periods, but that is not to say there was less desire for the “American Dream.” This alteration of mass immigration trends can be explained by tighter immigration laws. In 1987 the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) was implemented. The IRCA criminalized the act of knowingly hiring an illegal immigrant and established financial and other penalties for those employing illegal aliens along with granting amnesty to those immigrants already living in the United
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States (Miller). “The number officially admitted rose from 72,000 in 1987 to 95,000 in 1988, 405,000 in 1989, 679,000 in 1990, and 946,000 in 1991. The number dropped to 214,000 in 1992 and has been declining since” (Miller). Professedly, there has been a change in immigration policy and today, the immigration pool in the United States is growing increasingly diverse. The question of Mexican immigration today revolves around the issue of Illegal immigrants and
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