midterm review

midterm review - MIDTERM REVIEW Early Origins 1. Minstrel...

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MIDTERM REVIEW Early Origins 1. Minstrel show - They were developed before the Civil War and portrayed white actors in black makeup mimicking, ridiculing and making fun of the music, culture and dance of the slave population. Often times the writers had little knowledge of black southern music because they were usually from the northeast. Example STEPHEN FOSTER. 2. Congo Square - This was a place where slaves were permitted to dance. It is now called Louis Armstrong Park. The New Orleans City Council approved it in 1817 as the official site for slave dances. Other parts of the country did not permit any type of African elements in the music of slaves, but New Orleans’ Latin-Catholic influences were more tolerant. They danced in a ring-shout, a cluster of individuals moving in a circular pattern. It came from ritual African ceremonies. 3. Ragtime - Ragtime was thought of as a piano genre and did not swing. It has an even division of beat and derives from the military march form. Its’ form is AABBACCDD- each phrase is 16 measures long for a total of 144. It changes key for the C and D sections (subdominant). Maple leaf rag is an example of this. 4. Blues - a feeling and a form of music. It has 12 bars with three sections of four bars each. The text is statement, statement, commentary. a. Example- I got to keep movin’, blues falling down like hail I got to keep movin’, blues falling down like hail I can’t keep no money with a hellhound on my trail 5. AABA - The form of many standard tunes, 32 bars long with eight sections of four bars each. 6. AABBACCDD - The form of Scott Joplin’s Maple Leaf Rag and other ragtime songs. It has an even division of beat and comes from military march forms. 7. Race records - A term applied between 1921 and 1942 to phonograph recordings made especially for African American listeners. It was coined by Ralph Peer of Okeh, the first company to have a race series in 1921, the 8200 series. The series is very valuable today. 8. Robert Johnson - Sang “Hell Hound on my Trail”, an example of early delta blues. He was Eric Clapton’s inspiration. He used unmeasured phrases in the form of statement, statement commentary. 9. Unmeasured phrases - Used by Robert Johnson in “Hell Hound on my Trail.” 10. Jelly Roll Morton and his Red Hot Peppers - He was a pianist, composer and bandleader from New Orleans. He was the first important jazz composer. He blended composition with improvisation (he wrote it down). He bridged the gap between ragtime jazz and jazz piano. His original name was Ferdinand LaMenthe. He was a black Creole, but scornful towards blacks. His first work was in the bordellos of New Orleans and he called himself the “inventor of jazz.” His most famous group was the Red Hot Peppers. He remade “Maple Leaf Rag” and used the original version by Joplin as a point of departure for improvisation and changed the form to ABACCDD. He used a triple division of the beat. This was a good example of early swing and it used many “blue” notes with a lot of improvisation.
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11. Sidney Bichet
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course MUS 2000 taught by Professor Nunnery during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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midterm review - MIDTERM REVIEW Early Origins 1. Minstrel...

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