March 24 Lecture Outline

March 24 Lecture Outline - March 24: Logos-Reasoning &...

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What is an argument? An attempt to defend a claim by providing some kind of warrant or evidence. I. Aristotelian Logic Abductive arguments- an attempt to defend a claim by providing some kind of warrant or evidence. Deductive vs. Inductive arguments o Inductive- synthetic argument process used in moving from particulars to probable conclusion o Deductive- the analytic process used to move from generalizations to structurally certain  conclusions.  Arguments which draw strict logical conclusions from premise. Syllogism: major premise, minor premise, and claim (or conclusion) o Major premise- all persons are mortal    all professors hate their students valid but not sound o Minor premise- Socrates is a person   Felicia is a professor o Conclusion- therefore, Socrates is mortal   therefore, Felicia hates her students Logical form All A’s are B’s C is an A Therefore C is a B Evaluating Arguments: Tests of Soundness and Validity 
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course MC 2525 taught by Professor Song during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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March 24 Lecture Outline - March 24: Logos-Reasoning &...

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