March 24 Lecture Outline (2)

March 24 Lecture Outline (2) - o Major premise- all persons...

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What is an argument? An attempt to defend a claim by providing some kind of warrant or evidence. Kinds of Arguments ABDUCTIVE- argument to  INDUCTIVE- synthetic argument process used in moving from particulars to probable conclusions DEDUCTIVE- the analytic process used to move from generalizations to structurally certain conclusions.  Arguments which draw strict logical conclusions from premise. I. Aristotelian Logic Deductive vs. Inductive arguments Syllogism: major premise, minor premise, and claim (or conclusion)
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Unformatted text preview: o Major premise- all persons are mortal o Minor premise- Socrates is a person o Conclusion- therefore, Socrates is mortal Evaluating Arguments: Tests of Soundness and Validity Enthymeme: a syllogism in which one of the premises is missing, but implied or assumed. II. Informal Fallacies III. Types of Evidence Used in Media Age Examples Testimony Statistics and Research Felicia Song, Spring 2007 Not to be Used Without Permission...
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