Prelude Before 1857 there had been a lot of armed uprising against the British rule, armed Sanyasis (Hindu Ascetics) of Bengal as well as various other small revolts led by small Kings, Farmers and Labourers took place from time to time but none had a true national character. These revolts did not had the true characteristics of a war, they were not organized and equipped to sustain enough to become a national struggle against foreign rule. Although the war of 1857 started with a rebellion in the British troops stationed in Meerut, but it soon spread like a wild fire in a large region of north India. The mutiny was a direct result of the various complaints which the common man had against the British misrule. Farmers were unhappy because of the land revenue policies of the British Government. They were losing hold over there lands. They were subjected to gross corruption and oppression by lower rank police as well as administrative officers. The upper & middle class was not happy with the British rule as they were not allowed to occupy any high post in the administration. The religious leaders such as Pandits & Maulvis were not happy with the British rule as they had lost royal patronage. Yet the real spark was flared by the British India Government's decision to annex Awadh in 1856. This left many a red faces both in Awadh and the British army, as the British army mainly consisted of men from the Awadh region. They were now forced to pay higher taxes for their land, as their families resided in Awadh. Also the Taluqdars and Jamindars (references for land holders) were also dead against the British rule as they had lost hold over their land, since they were all confiscated by the British India Government.
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- Winter '15
- British Raj, British rule, Indian Rebellion of 1857, British army, Bahadur Shah Jafar