Lecture 4 - Second World War Lecture 4 Ideologies...

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Second World War: Lecture 4: Ideologies, Anti-Fascism and Appeasement 1. Competing Ideologies (a) Marxist Communism : Enlightenment tradition; Bukharin’s prediction of capitalist collapse, 1928; USSR’s immunity from Slump; but setbacks for Left, early 1930s (Comintern’s refusal of alliances; KPD destroyed, 1934; Long March in China). —E./Central Europe: Communists forced underground; nationalist hostility to USSR, peasant hostility to collectivisation. —Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Soviet Russia: a New Civilisation? (b) Fascism : Politics of negativity; Führerprinzip . Mein Kampf (1924): propaganda techniques; survival of racially fittest; threat of Jewish pollution (series of anti-Jewish measures from 1933; Nuremberg Laws, 1935); foreign policy—revision of Versailles, Lebensraum to East, and therefore war against Russia. —Debates: “Blueprint” v. opportunism; Nazi aberration v. continuities in mainstream thinking on anti-Semitism and territorial expansion. (c) “Reformed Capitalism
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Lecture 4 - Second World War Lecture 4 Ideologies...

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