Lecture 5 - The Second World War: Lecture 5: The Outbreak...

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The Second World War: Lecture 5: The Outbreak of the Second World War 1. Anschluss : the End of Austria —“Hossbach Memorandum” of meeting at Berchtesgaden, 5 Nov. 1937: need to act re Lebensraum, and to deal with Austria and Czechoslovakia first; Hitler's belief time might be against him. —Feb. 1938: ousting of Minister of War, von Blomberg, and setting up of OKW (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) under Hitler; replacement of von Fritsch by von Brauchitsch as Chief of Army Staff, and of Baron von Neurath by Joachim von Ribbentrop as Foreign Minister. —Austria: attempted Nazi coup and assassination of Dollfuss, July 1934; Mussolini’s support for Austrian independence; “gentleman’s agreement” with Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg, July 1936; Hitler’s insistence on a Nazi in cabinet, Feb. 1938; Schuschnigg’s calling of a plebiscite; Hitler’s invasion, Mar. 12; union of Germany and Austria, Mar. 13. 11
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Lecture 5 - The Second World War: Lecture 5: The Outbreak...

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