Unformatted text preview: Aristotle – In observing the world, Aristotle saw four "causes" that are responsible for making an object what it is: the material, formal, efficient, and final. • material cause: that out of which a thing is made • formal cause: that into which a thing is made • efficient cause: that by which a thing is made • final cause: that for which a thing is made. – Aristotle believed the last of these to be most important, for it determined the other three....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ECE APS112 taught by Professor Weiss during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto.
- Spring '08