THE CZECHS and SLOVAKS, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, THE CZECH REPUBLIC, SLOVAKIA and THEVELVET REVOLUTIONCzechs and Slovaks are very different from the Poles. Czechoslovakia was its name under sovietrule—Czech republic and Slovak republic.“Cz” is a Polish phenomenon, doesn’t use Ć. Spelled this way pre-16thcent. 1918-1944: createdas a dual state of Czechs and Slovaks. Czechs were now an independent state for first time in300 yrs. In the course of those 300 yrs, the Czechs had almost completely disappeared.Inundated by Germans. Slovaks had always been part of Hungary once their nationalconsciousness arose.Clumsy naming—can call it the Czech lands, in the plural. Czech Lands consists of 3 traditionalhistorical lands: Bohemia (capitol is Prague), Moravia (capitol Brno), and Silesia (capitolOstrava). Silesia shared w/ Poland.1945-1992, borders remain very similar. Lost a lil chunk that was mostly Ukrainians.1993: The Velvet Divorce. Separated the Slovak and Czech Republics.prove themselves to be very anti-clerical people.Czech anthem—who am I? Focus on physical attributes of the Czech lands. Nostalgia, passivity.I’m not affecting it—it’s affecting me. Something almost childlike about it. Polish anthem—nation is the people. Czechs—nation is the land. Nothing high-class about the Czech hymn.Focuses on plebian world, world of domesticity. One thing we are sure of—it is naturallyenticing and beautiful, hence a place we want to be.Slovak National State came into existence for the first time in world history in 1993. Before thenthey had either been a part of Czechoslovakia or part of the Hungarian crown. As part ofHungarian crown, they were in a situation far worse than even a polish peasant was. Theirpredicament was in many ways parallel to a Ukrainian peasant in the Polish commonwealth.One of the words for Slovak in Hungarian is cattle. People were treated as cattle.3 areas of Slovakia—east, central, and west. Capitol of Slovakia is Bratislava. There are 4 ways ofsaying it thru history; Posonium (Latin), Pressburg (German), Pozsony (Hungarian), Prešburk (OldCzech). These names tell its history—latin roots, then part of Hapsburg empire and hungary, anda relationship w/ the Czechs.