slav90 10:23 notes - Wenceslas square is the heart of Prague of the Czech Republic but not necessarily bohemia Statue erected in 1887Czechs are

slav90 10:23 notes - Wenceslas square is the heart of...

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Wenceslas square is the heart of Prague, of the Czech Republic, but not necessarily bohemia. Statue erected in 1887—Czechs are beginning to discover identity in 1 st half of 19 th century. National patron saint is erected in the middle of Prague—revival is successful. These people are now erecting monuments to their past. St. Václav—born in beginning of 10 th century. 1054: Church splits officially. The Schism. Begin speaking abt eastern and western Christianity. Known for piety, meekness, and generosity. He is the “Good King Wenceslas.” Also known as a just ruler. According to legend, was killed by his pagan brother Boleslav I. Was a martyr—a Christian killed by a pagan. Died as “a witness to Christ’s truth.” Concept of truth is a theme thru Czech history. “living in the truth” is preached by Jan Huss. No Church vs. secular power story—it’s a martyred Christian ruler. The combo of church and state rather than conflict of church and state. The merging of the church and the state. The crown of St. Václav is the most important relic of this saint in Bohemia. The crown resides in a church across the river from Old Town Prague. Called Small Town Prague. National museum founded by Bohemian nobleman in 1818. Anomaly—after battle of White Mountain, some Czech elite was expelled, killed, most converted to Catholicism and became Germanified. Their lands go to loyal Habsburg nobilities. Hence, fact that the museum was founded by Czech nobleman is an exception—founded by person whose desire was for the Czechs to begin, after 200 years of Germanification, discovering who they are. Make it a place to conserve, explore, analyze, and examine artifacts of Bohemian history. František Palacký —considered father of the Czech nation. He is a historian, asked to manage National Museum. Writes The History of Bohemia: a political history. Kings, queens, princes, dynasties, wars, battles, and so on. Written in german. Shift from writing history of state to the histry of the people who live there. Radical shift of historiography. History is not the history of kings, queens, dynasties, states… but it is the history of the people. Ends the history in 1528 at the beginning of the Habsburg empire. Stops it here “if I were to continue it, I would be

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