Lecture 16. COCONUT - COCONUT Tropical wonder COCONUT PLANT Introduction Botany History Cultivation Use as Food Oil Uses Fiber and other uses Palm oil

Lecture 16. COCONUT - COCONUT Tropical wonder COCONUT PLANT...

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COCONUTCOCONUTTropical wonder
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COCONUT PLANTIntroductionBotanyHistory CultivationUse as Food, OilUses: Fiber and other uses.Palm oil: environmental concerns
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IntroductionCocus nuciferaTall plant palm, up to 100 ftFibrous root systemLarge leavesTropical
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BotanyFruit is a drupe (hard pit inside) Coconut is not a nut!Seed contains root, embryo and nutrient (endosperm, coconut white ‘meat’)Inside also contains coconut ‘water’(sterile)
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Water DispersalFruits and/or seeds use flotation devices to travel by water (in rivers, oceans, etc.)Fruit may have air spaces and corky floats: coconut
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HistoryVery valuable, due to its versatilityIndonesian proverb: a coconut has a different use for every day of the year!
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History and CultivationOrigin: Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean probablyDispersed by water: material surrounding fruit helps it floatSalt tolerant, prefers rainy, tropical areas
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Use as food
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  • Fall '12
  • Prof.EdgarMoctezuma
  • Botany, 17%, Pacific Ocean, Coconut, 66%, 100 ft, Cocus nucifera

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