Running head: THEORY X ANDTHEORY Y1RE-SUBMITTHEORY X AND THEORY YTammy ParsonAIUAccording to Douglas McGregor's theories X and Y, a manager's perspective of his or herworkforce can influence management competencies. The motivation in diverse personalities ofpeople has been defined by the division of the theory, which is further divided into two parts: Xand Y. (I). Theory X: -According to this theory of motivation, health care managers micromanagetheir healthcare workers with an authoritative demeanor and the belief that the workers disliketheir jobs and are performing below their caliber. Furthermore, their attitude toward theirsubordinates is pessimistic, and they are constantly thinking that the healthcare workers are notperforming up to par. Pessimistic, authoritarian, and process-oriented are the qualities of themanagers in theory Y.(II). Theory Y: This category includes healthcare executives who are enthusiastic about their jobsand have high expectations of their subordinates. According to theory Y, healthcare managersbelieve in delegating authority and responsibility among healthcare professionals and givingthem the freedom to accomplish their jobs in whatever way they see fit, as long as the allocatedtask is completed on time. This group of healthcare managers looks their subordinates in the eyeswith complete confidence and trusts their workers' abilities to do their obligations and tasks.Optimistic, participative, sympathetic, and result-oriented are the traits of the manager in theoryY.Question 1: (b). The perceptions of health-care management have a number of effects onhealthcare professionals, as stated below: -\s(I). Affects healthcare employees' willingness towork: -Willingness to work is a crucial factor in any organization, and if a manager's impressionof their healthcare workers is poor, it can have bad effects in the health-care system, and viceversa.(II). Helps to establish a mental image of the health-care system in the minds of workers: - Therelationship between the health-care manager and the health-care worker is critical in
Running head: THEORY X ANDTHEORY Y2establishing the mental image of the health-care system. For example, if the health-care manageradopts autocratic behavior and views their subordinates as machines, the strong belief will beestablished in the minds of the health-care workers.