WOMS 201 EXAM 2 Study Guide Fall 2015 Know the terms listed under each weeks topic and have a general sense of the response to the questions –they are laid out by lecture questions, then the specific reading materials for each weekWeek 5 Women in BuddhismTerms: Four Noble Truths1st) All human lives have some suffering. 2nd) Suffering is caused by your own desire for worldly stuff. 3rd) Suffering ends when you get free from you desires. 4th)the way to end suffering is to achieve Nirvana by going on Buddha's Eight Step Path Eightfold Path:1) Right Understanding of the Four Noble Truths 2) Right Intention: following the right path in life - The intention of non- greed, non-hatred and non-delusion. 3) Right speech: Abstaining from false speech, malicious speech, harsh speech and idle chatter. 4) Right Action following the Five Precepts Abstaining from killing, stealing and sexual misconduct. 5) Right livelihood; support yourself without harming others Abstaining from wrong and corrupt means of livelihood. 6) Right Effort: promote good thoughts; conquer evil thoughts 7) Right Mindfulness: Become aware of your body, mind and feelings The four foundations of mindfulness - contemplation on body, contemplation on feelings, contemplation on mind and contemplation on mind-objects. 8) Right Concentration: Meditate to achieve a higher state of consciousness Sangha: community of all Buddhists(The community of Monastics and perhaps laypeople ) Buddha’s lessons:the monks debated details and decided on the final version Bodhisattvasomeone who has attained enlightenment, but who chooses to remain in this world of Samsara to bring others to enlightenment Mandalas:paintings or other representations of higher awareness, usually in a circular pattern of images, which may provide the focus of one-pointed meditation. Mantras:words or phrases that serve the same purpose. Mudras: hand positions that symbolize certain qualities of enlightenment.