6-1 - p 730-733#1,2,3,4,5 SECTION 1 1 Joseph Stalin=(1924 became dictator of the Soviet Union Used all the weapons of the totalitarian state Launched a

6-1 - p 730-733#1,2,3,4,5 SECTION 1 1 Joseph Stalin=(1924...

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p. 730-733 #1,2,3,4,5 SECTION 1 1. Joseph Stalin = (1924) became dictator of the Soviet Union Used all the weapons of the totalitarian state Launched a series of five-year plans having a goal of modernizing Soviet industry and farming—government ordered peasants to hand over land to join collective farms so when farmers resisted, millions were sent to labor camps or executed Under his harsh rule, industry expanded Benito Mussolini = (1922) became dictator of Italy Played on Italian anger about Versailles treaty ending WWI—did not grant Italy the territory it wanted Used economic unrest and fears of a communist revolution to win support for himself and his Fascist Party Outlawed all political parties except his own; controlled the press and banned criticism of government Used foreign conquest to distract Italians from economic problems at home Committed aggression Fascist party = party formed by Mussolini that was totalitarian Haile Selassie = Emperor of Ethiopia; Mussolini attacked his country (1935) but Ethiopians’ outdated rifles were no match for Mussolini’s modern army—he called the League of Nations for help; Ethiopia fell to the invaders with no help from the LON Adolf Hitler = dictator of Germany; took advantage of anger about the Versailles Treaty— blamed Germany for WWI and saddled them with heavy war costs; powerful speaker and skillful leader; Germans accepted his ideas; 1933 became head of German government controlling press, schools, and religion Nazis = a political party organized by Hitler also known as the National Socialist German
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