8-6/pp. 516-521 Indians Way of Life Ends 1867— Sitting Bull (Lakota chief) wrote to commander of U.S. Army troops telling him to leave the Indian reservations because they are scaring Indian’s food away- buffalo…if they don’t leave Sitting Bull will fight troops…After Civil War, Americans moved west U.S. government promised 2 protect Indian hunting grounds but more settlers moved west & government broke promises Wars spread all over west because of settlers moving west onto Indian lands—Native Americans were at a tragedy Broken Promises Conflict began early 1840’s as settlers/miners moved onto NA lands Settlers/miners asked for government protection from Indians Fort Laramie Treaty 1. 1851, federal government officials met with NA nations near Fort Laramie in WY Officials asked each nation 2 keep limited area In return, promised money, domestic animals, agricultural tools, & other goods Officials told NA- lands reserved for them- theirs forever NA agreed 2 Fort Laramie treaty 2. 1858, gold discovered in Pikes Peak, Colorado Miners land gov’t promised 2 Cheyennes & Arphahos Officials forced NA leaders to sign a new treaty giving up land around Pikes Peak —some NA refused & attacked white settlers Chivington Massacre 1. 1864, Colonel John Chivington led his militia against peaceful Cheyenne village gov’t had promised to protect Indians surrendered but Chivington ignored it; destroyed village & killed over 100 people…whole country outraged Learning “American” ways
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- Winter '15
- Native Americans in the United States, Cheyenne, Sioux, Sitting Bull