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8-6/pp. 516-521Indians Way of Life Ends1867—Sitting Bull(Lakota chief) wrote to commander of U.S. Army troops telling him to leave the Indian reservations because they are scaring Indian’s food away- buffalo…if they don’t leave Sitting Bull will fight troops…After Civil War, Americans moved westU.S. government promised 2 protect Indian hunting grounds but more settlers moved west & government broke promisesWars spread all over west because of settlers moving west onto Indian lands—NativeAmericans were at a tragedyBroken PromisesConflict began early 1840’s as settlers/miners moved onto NA landsSettlers/miners asked for government protection from IndiansFort Laramie Treaty1.1851, federal government officials met with NA nations near Fort Laramie in WYOfficials asked each nation 2 keep limited areaIn return, promised money, domestic animals, agricultural tools, & other goodsOfficials told NA- lands reserved for them- theirs foreverNA agreed 2 Fort Laramie treaty2.1858, gold discovered in Pikes Peak, ColoradoMiners land gov’t promised 2 Cheyennes & ArphahosOfficials forced NA leaders to sign a new treaty giving up land around Pikes Peak—some NA refused & attacked white settlersChivington Massacre1.1864, Colonel John Chivington led his militia against peaceful Cheyenne village gov’t had promised to protectIndians surrendered but Chivington ignored it; destroyed village & killed over 100 people…whole country outragedLearning “American” ways
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Native Americans in the United States, Cheyenne, Sioux, Sitting Bull