S.S. HW Chap 27 Sec 3 - SECTION 3 1 Victory garden= many Americans planted these to combat food shortages there were more than 20 million in the United

S.S. HW Chap 27 Sec 3 - SECTION 3 1 Victory garden= many...

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SECTION 3 1. Victory garden = many Americans planted these to combat food shortages; there were more than 20 million in the United States; they produced 40% of all vegetables grown in the country during World War II A. Phillip Randolph = (1941) head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, called for a protest march on Washington “The government,” he said, “will never give the Negro justice until they see masses—ten, twenty, fifty thousand Negroes on the White House lawn Officials worried this march would feed Hitler’s propaganda machine After meeting with Randolph, FDR ordered employers doing business with the government to end discrimination in hiring—resulting in double the employment of skilled black craft workers Black employment increased as well as racial tensions Tuskegee airmen = African American fighter pilots who trained at Tuskegee, Alabama; end of the war, the Tuskegee airmen had destroyed or damaged about 400 enemy aircraft Bracero program = there was a need for workers during the war, the U.S. signed a treaty
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