Study Guide Chap 27 - SOCIAL STUDIES WORLD WAR II TEST STUDY GUIDE SECTION 1 People Joseph Stalin=(1924 became dictator of the Soviet Union Used all the

Study Guide Chap 27 - SOCIAL STUDIES WORLD WAR II TEST...

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SECTION 1People:Joseph Stalin= (1924) became dictator of the Soviet UnionUsed all the weapons of the totalitarian stateLaunched a series of five-year plans having a goal of modernizing Soviet industry and farming—government ordered peasants to hand over land to join collective farms so whenfarmers resisted, millions were sent to labor camps or executedUnder his harsh rule, industry expandedBenito Mussolini= (1922) became dictator of Italy; Played on Italian anger about Versailles treaty ending WWI—did not grant Italy the territory it wantedUsed economic unrest and fears of a communist revolution to win support for himself and his Fascist PartyOutlawed all political parties except his own; controlled the press and banned criticism of government; Used foreign conquest to distract Italians from economic problems at home; Committed aggressionFascist party= party formed by Mussolini that was totalitarianHaile Selassie= Emperor of Ethiopia; Mussolini attacked his country (1935) but Ethiopians’ outdated rifles were no match for Mussolini’s modern army—he called the League of Nations for help; Ethiopia fell to the invaders with no help from the LONAdolf Hitler= dictator of Germany; took advantage of anger about the Versailles Treaty—blamed Germany for WWI and saddled them with heavy war costs; powerful speaker and skillful leader; Germans accepted his ideas; 1933 became head of German government controlling press, schools, and religionNazis= a political party organized by Hitler also known as the National Socialist German Workers’ Party Final Solution= Hitler would unleash this plan to kill all the Jews in EuropeNeutrality Acts= series of acts, which banned arms sales or loans to countries at warGood Neighbor Policy= announced by FDR to establish friendlier relations with Latin Americantroops from Nicaragua and from HaitiSOCIAL STUDIES WORLD WAR II TEST STUDY GUIDEVocabulary: Dictator= a ruler who has complete power over a countryTotalitarian state= a single party that controls the government and every aspect of people’s lives; citizens must obegovernment without question and criticism of government was severely punishedCollective farm= farms run by the governmentNationalism= a feeling of patriotic pride and devotion to one’s countryAggression= any warlike act by one country against another without just causeConcentration camp= a prison camp who are considered enemies of the state
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