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Unformatted text preview: o Est. by 1992 Earth Summit o Monitors states' compliance with the promises they made at the Earth Summit and hears evidence from environmental NGOs such as Greenpeace. o Lacks power to enforce national govts (preeminence of state sovereignty) o 53 member states • Global warming presents states with a triple dilemma o Short-term (and predictable) costs to gain long-term (and less predictable) benefits o Specific constituencies such as oil companies and industrial workers pay the costs, whereas the benefits are distributed more generally across domestic society and internationally. o Collective goods dilemma: benefits are shared globally but costs much be extracted from each state individually. • Kyoto o Reduce greenhouse emissions to 1990 levels in the global North over about a decade. • UN Environment Program (UNEP) o Monitors environmental conditions, works with the World Meteorological Organization • Montreal Protocol o Ozone depletion...
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- Fall '08
- Global Warming, Ozone depletion, commons o Collective, Collective goods dilemma