{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

16 - One World Many Theories NATO expansion o Realist an...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
One World, Many Theories: NATO expansion o Realist: an effort to extend Western influence during a period of Russ weakness and is likely to provoke a harsh response from Moscow. o Liberal: expansion will reinforce the budding/promising democracies of Central Europe and extend NATO’s conflict-management mechanisms to a potentially turbulent region. o A 3 rd view might stress the value of incorporating the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland within the Western security community, whose members share a common identity that has made war largely unthinkable. Realism: o Cold War o Struggle for power among self-interested states o generally pessimistic about the prospects for eliminating conflict and war o neorealist: ignores human nature and focuses on the effects of the int’l system o Morgenthau (classical realist): stressed virtues of multipolar, balance-of-power system and said that the bipolar rivalry btwn the US and SU was really dangerous. o Waltz (neorealist): B/c the international system is anarchic, it would cause weaker states to balance against, rather than bandwagon with, more powerful rivals. He claimed that bipolarity was more stable than multipolarity. o Jervis (“defensive” realism): Offense-Defense theory: war is more likely when states can conquer each other easily. However, when defense is easier than offense, security is more plentiful. And if defense has an advantage, and states can distinguish btwn off. & def. weapons, then states can acquire the means to defend themselves w/out threatening others, thereby dampening the effects of anarchy. o Problem of relative and absolute gains (Grieco and Krasner) anarchy forces states to worry about both the absolute gains from cooperation and the way that gains are distributed among participants. Basically, if one state reaps larger gains than its partners, it will gradually become stronger, and its partners will eventually become more vulnerable. o (Posen) ethnic conflict: breakup of multiethnic states could place rival ethnic groups in an anarchic setting, thereby triggering intense fears and tempting each group to use force to improve its relative position. o (Mastando): US realist in foreign policy b/c its actions are designed to preserve US predominance and to shape a postwar order that advances American interests. o Split btwn “defensive” and “offenseive” strands of thought Defensive States had little intrinsic (inherent) interest in military conquest Costs of expansion generally outweigh benefits Great wars occur b/c domestic groups foster exaggerated perceptions of threat and an excessive faith in the efficacy (effectiveness) of military force.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern