Valery Villalobos Carol Lopez Amber Chaudhary3. John D. Long was the Naval Secretary of the United States. He was away from office on February 25, 1898, which led to his assistance secretary Theodore Roosevelt taking action. Roosevelt cabled Commodore Dewey instructed him to take the Philippines if America went to war with Cuba. On May 1 1898, Dewey did just that. He attacked theharbor and destroyed the Spanish fleet. Unfortunately, this victory was badly timed for Dewy could not storm the capital and had to wait months for reinforcements. When reinforcements arrived, they captured the capital with the help of Filipino insurgents led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Dewey, later, regretted taking Emilio Aguinaldo out of exile. With their forces in the Philippines, the U.S. made Hawaii a state so the Japanese couldn’t attack and take away their territory. Meanwhile, the Spanish sent warships to Cuba. This caused a severe panic amongst Americans. However, the American navy easily blockaded the Spanish in the Santiago harbor. The army would attack the ships from the rear. General William Shafter, an extremely overweight warrior, led the troops. The most famous regiment of that war was the Rough Riders. They were a rowdy, but quick group of ex-cowboys and ex-convicts whom were led by Colonel Leonard Wood. The Rough Riders won the battles at Kettle Hill and San Juan Hill, but suffered heavy casualties. Roosevelt himself took part in the battles. He later wrote about how his soldiers were, on average, better soldiers than him, but he was the best leader. This implies that, though Roosevelt wasn’t the best soldier, he was the best leader, which gave him the right to be a Rough Rider. Though America lost only a few hundred soldiers in battle, over the course of the war, about 5000 soldiers had died from disease.
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