sociology notes for exam 1 - Colonialism and the rise of...

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Colonialism and the rise of capitalism European conquest of the Americans & the rise of capitalism Americanity as a concept Differences in the colonization of North and South AmericaSlavery Capitalism Columbian ExchangeDiseases PlantsAnimals People Settler colonies as distinct social formations Relative isolation from Eurasia Sparsely populated Relatively large technological gap between indigenous people and European settlers Native people suffer enormous population declines in early years of contact European settlers gain rights to “responsible government” relatively easilyEuropean conquest of Americas Territorial expansion of the ‘world’Different methods as labor control Americanity as a concept Coloniality Ethnicity Racism Concept of newness Colonization of Americas Racism Classification of society different ethnicity Concept of newness capitalization New products/ technology Differences in Post-Colonial States in the Americas Differences in the independence movements Political, economic, and social consequences
“Modernity” and the expansion of capitalism Colonial expansion and capitalism Economic growth and modernization Colonial division of labor Underdevelopment as a consequence of capitalism Development of underdevelopment Europeans wanted to go to Asia for Chinese porcelainIndian goodsEuropean colonial expansionSettler colonies Colonies of rule Triangular Trade“Modernity” and European growthBiological metaphor oA phased processoHomogenizing process oIrreversible oProgressive oEvolutionary Systematic Transformative Immanent Colonial division of labor Shifts agriculture to export monocultures Destruction of local manufacturing processTransforms labor relations

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