FINAL study guide - cfw_Psychology Study Guide Exam 1 Personality Theories Psychoanalytic(Freud people are encouraged to talk about anything that pops

FINAL study guide - cfw_Psychology Study Guide Exam 1...

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{ Psychology Study Guide Exam 1 } Personality Theories Psychoanalytic (Freud) : people are encouraged to talk about anything that pops into their mind while remaining comfortable and relaxed; personality is set by adolescence The most important causes of behavior are motives, especially unconscious motives Personality is determined by the interplay of inner conflicts & their resolution Personality is set by adolescence Neo-Freudian: inferiority complex, creative self, sibling rivalry, birth order Learning: behavior theory (situational or environmental influences shape personality; person variables (knowledge, skills, etc) VS situation variables (rewards, punishments) Humanistic: theory proposes that personality is shaped by free choice, self- fulfillment, and the tendency toward growth Trait: people display consistency in their actions, thoughts and feelings; people differ from each other in many ways Structure of Personality Id: pleasure principle Ego: reality principle Superego: moral principle Psychosexual development Fixation: an obsessive interest in or feeling about someone or something Acculturation: the process of adaptation in which immigrants and native groups identify with a new culture by learning about that culture and making behavioral changes Ego-Identity: to have a firm sense of who one is and what one stands for Self-Actualization: the essential tendency to strive to realize one’s potential Jung’s Archetypes Anima: female component of the male psyche Animus: male component of the female psyche The Shadow: the dark side of human nature The Persona: social mask we wear around other people The Self: search for wholeness and unification Freud’s Psychosexual Development and Conflicts Stage: Conflict Oral Stage: Pleasure to the mouth Conflict = weaning
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Anal Stage: Pleasure to the anus Conflict = toilet training Phallic Stage: Pleasure to genitals Conflict = Oedipus complex & castration anxiety (for boys) Electra complex & penis envy (for girls) Five Factor Model Extraversion: degree of interpersonal interaction / activity level Neuroticism : degree of emotional stability Agreeableness : quality of interpersonal orientation Conscientiousness : degree of organization Openness to Experience : preference for exploration, tolerance of unfamiliar These people are associated with: Carl Rogers: Self Theory Maslow: Hierarchy of Needs Carl Jung: Analytical Psychology Albert Bandura: Social Cognitive Theory Disorder Symptoms Obsessive-compulsive disorder: obsessive and compulsive Conversion Disorder: “La Belle indifference” Major Depressive disorder: more common in women Bipolar disorder : extreme highs of mania and extreme lows of major depression Personality Disorders Antisocial : actions regularly disregard and violate the rights of others Avoidant: the person is unwilling to enter into relationships without assurance of acceptance because of fears of rejection and criticism Histrionic: exaggerated emotions and excessive attention seeking Schizotypal:
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